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Charlottenburgh Park Habitat Enhancement

Related Delisting Criteria

Habitat Impairments:

Loss of fish and wildlife habitat, degradation of fish and wildlife populations.

Delisting Criteria:

XI-9 (ii) No net loss of coastal wetland area, habitat diversity, or function (PSW feature scores) between the 1980’s and the present.

XII-1 Maintanance of marsh bird and amphibian populations and diversity at or above Great Lakes non-AOC averages as determined by the Marsh Monitoring Program of Bird Studies Canada.

Project Goals/Objectives

Charlottenburgh Park is a 235 acre forested parcel along the Lake St. Francis shoreline with a mixture of habitat features. A diverse fish community exists along the shoreline with 22 species of fish including young of the year from 11 species. Yellow Perch is the most abundant species, making up more than 50% fo the communities. Brassy minnows and Mimic shiners, two locally uncommon species have been captured. Improvements to channels within the wetland portion of the park resulted in young of the year walleye and muskellunge in the recently constructed works, two species with specialized habitat requirements and infrequently captured during monitoring expeditions. Habitat ponds were recently created in the cattail monoculture adjacent to Fraser creek and Lake St. Francis and turtle basking structures placed in the channel improvements. Water quality, bird and fish monitoring continue throughout the Park.

Prior to construction of the habitat enhancement at the fingers two years of fish community sampling was completed in order to develop a species list.  In the winter of 2005 the four fingers of Charlottenburgh Park were dredge and a new channel was cut connecting the four together.  This channel effectively increased the flow of water through the fingers which led to reducing summer temperatures, increasing dissolved oxygen levels, and decreasing turbidity.  Since construction of the ponds and the channel sampling has been conducted yearly to track the effects of the enhancement over time on the fish and amphibian communities.  The table bellow shows a list of the fish species that have been found in the Charlottenburgh Park fingers over the years.

Table 1: The presence/absence of fish species in the Charlottenburgh Park fingers 2003-2008).  All survey periods and sampling methods are included.

   

Species Presence/Absence in the Fingers

Family Common Name 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

Petromyzontidae

silver lamprey

 

X

X

X

 

 

Lepisostidae

longnose gar

 

X

 

X

X

X

Amiidae

Bowfin

X

X

 

 

X

X

Clupeidae

Alewife

X

 

 

 

X

X

Umbridae

central mudminnow

X

 

 

 

 

 

Esocidae

northern pike

X

X

X

X

 

X

 

Muskellunge

 

 

X

 

 

 

Cyprinidae

common carp

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

golden shiner

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

sand/mimic shiner

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

blackchin shiner

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

blacknose shiner

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

spottail shiner

X

X

 

 

 

X

 

emerald shiner

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

common shiner

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

bluntnose minnow

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

fathead minnow

 

 

X

 

 

X

Catostomidae

white sucker

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

greater redhorse

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ictaluridae

brown bullhead

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

tadpole madtom

 

X

 

X

X

X

Cyprinodontidae

banded killifish

X

X

X

 

 

 

Antherinidae

brook silverside

X

X

X

X

X

X

Gasterosteidae

brook stickleback

 

X

 

X

 

 

Percopsidae

trout-perch

 

 

 

 

X

 

Percichthyidae

white perch

 

 

 

X

X

 

Centrarchidae

largemouth bass

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

smallmouth bass

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

black crappie

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

Pumpkinseed

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

Bluegill

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

rock bass

X

X

X

X

X

X

Percidae

yellow perch

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

Walleye

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

johnny/tessellated dater

X

X

X

 

X

X

 

iowa darter

 

X

X

 

 

X

 

log perch

X

 

 

 

 

 

If you have and questions pertaining to this porject please contact:

Brendan Jacobs
Wildlife Monitoring Supervisor
e-mail: brendan.jacobs@rrca.on.ca
Tel: 613-938-3611 ext: 234

Chris Critoph
Manager of Environmental Services
e-mail: chris.critoph@rrca.on.ca
Tel: 613-938-3611 ext: 22

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